Gaspard de la Nuit - Maurice Ravel

Joseph Maurice Ravel was born in Labort at March 7 of 1875; he was a great French composer of 20th century. His family moved to Paris in June of 1875. One of his first remembers is when his mother sang Basque folk songs. He began to learn to play piano with Henry Ghys when he was 6 years old; showing a great talent for the music. He was accepted in the Paris Conservatory in 1889 where he met Ricardo Viñes who became his best friend helped him to form the band Los Apaches.

In 1897, he was accepted in the class of counterpoint of Andre Gedalge; when he finished his studies, he composed the Obertura de Shéhérazade and Pavane pour une infante défunte that is his most played work. He entered for the Prestigious Rome Prize but he failed in his 4 applications in 1901, 1902, 1903 and 1905.Since summer of 1933, he began to present the symptoms of a neurological illness that condemned him to silence in the last years of his life. He died in Paris in 1937.


Gaspard de la Nuit

Gaspar de la Nuit was composed by Maurice Ravel in 1908. But Ricardo Viñes released Gaspard de la Nuit at November 5 of 1909 in Paris; this work is composed for 3 movements that are based in a poem of Aloysius Bertrand that gives a fantastic vision of the Middle Age. This song reflects the affliction of the author for his sick father that is near to the dead. The titles of the movements are Ondine, Le Gibet and Scarbo.

This song is known because it is very difficult to play it; that is a result of the pretention of Ravel for making a work more difficult than Islamey, oriental fantasy by Mily Malakiev. The most difficult part is Scarbo because its technical complexity and its deep musical structure.

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